Teacher Resource Module One and Two – Dog Bite Prevention
The Canada Safety Council estimates that 460,000 people are
bitten in Canada each year.
The dog that bites is not necessarily a mean dog or a bad dog. In order to prevent bites we need to understand what motivates a dog to bite and to reduce risk through modification of human behaviour.
Why does a dog bite?
· The dog is protecting a possession, food or water dish or puppies
· The dog is protecting a resting place.
· The dog is protecting its owner or the owner’s property.
· The dog considers itself dominant over the child and the child has done something the dog considers to be insubordinate (e.g. Hugging, leaning or stepping over the dog).
· The dog is old and grumpy and has no patience for the actions of a child.
· The dog is injured.
· The child and dog are playing roughly and the dog becomes over stimulated.
· The dog views the child as prey because the child is running and/or screaming near the dog.
Some warning signs to watch for:
· The dog gets up and moves away from the child.
· The dog looks at you with a pleading expression.
· The dog turns his head away from the child.
· You can see the “whites” of the dog’s eyes, in a half moon shape.
· The dog yawns while the child approaches or is interacting with him.
· The dog licks his chops while the child approaches or is interacting with him.
· The dog suddenly starts scratching or licking himself.
· The dog growls warningly at the child.